Plaintiffs. It is quite difficult for a common man to understand a legal document. The presence of so many legal terms in a single document makes it very difficult for a layman to understand it. So, in this article, we are going to deal with some basic legal terms used in every lawsuit.
- Plaintiffs – The person who files a case against another person or group of persons or a company is known as a plaintiff. He is the one who approaches the court, registers his case against those who have wronged him in some way.
This person is addressed as Plaintiff during the whole duration of the case.
- Defendant – This is the person against whom the case is filed. The plaintiff has accused this person of doing him some kind of wrong. He has to defend himself against the allegations brought in by the plaintiff and hence the name, defendant.
- Convict – When a plaintiff is able to prove the allegations that he has made against the defendant, the court pronounces the defendant guilty and thus the accused becomes a convict.
So basically, the convict is the accused whose allegations have been proven in a court of law.
- Acquit – When a plaintiff is not able to prove the allegations he made against the defendant or the defendant is proven to be innocent (They are different things), the defendant is said to have been acquitted. So, if a person is proved innocent, meaning there is no way that he could have done the things that the plaintiff is accusing him of, he will be acquitted of the charges.
These are some of the basic terms that are usually used in a lawsuit. Plaintiff is the one who files the case. The defendant is the one who defends himself against the allegation. The convict is the one who is guilty of the charges. Acquit is the accused who is innocent of the charges.
Do comment down below if you want us to cover more legal terms like this.