In India, the possession of firearms is regulated by the Arms Act, 1959 and the Arms Rules, 2016. According to the rules, individuals can own non-prohibited bore firearms, which include:
- .177 or 4.5 mm Air rifles and Air guns: These are used for target shooting and pest control.
- .22 Calibre rifles: These rifles are used for target shooting, small game hunting, and pest control.
- Shotguns: Shotguns are used for hunting birds and small game.
- Revolvers and Pistols: These firearms are allowed for self-defense and personal protection, but only after obtaining a license from the local authorities.
It is important to note that the possession of any firearm, including non-prohibited bore guns, requires a license from the local authorities. The licensing process includes background checks, training, and a waiting period. The possession of firearms without a license is a criminal offense punishable by imprisonment and fines.
In India, the process of obtaining a firearm license is quite rigorous and involves several steps. To obtain a license for non-prohibited bore guns, an applicant must be at least 21 years of age, a resident of India, and not have any criminal record. The applicant must also provide a valid reason for needing the firearm, such as self-defense, sports shooting, or hunting.
Once the application is submitted, the local authorities will conduct a background check on the applicant and verify their identity, address, and criminal record. The applicant must also undergo a physical and mental health check-up by a registered medical practitioner to ensure that they are fit to possess a firearm.
After the background check and medical examination, the applicant must complete a firearms safety training course from a certified instructor. The course covers topics such as safe handling, storage, and use of firearms.
Once the applicant has completed all the necessary steps, they can apply for a license to possess a non-prohibited bore firearm. The license is issued by the local district magistrate or the police commissioner and is valid for a period of three years. The license can be renewed after the expiry date, subject to certain conditions.
It is important to note that the possession of firearms in India is heavily regulated, and the use of firearms for any illegal or criminal activity is strictly prohibited. Any violation of the firearms laws can result in imprisonment and heavy fines. Therefore, it is important to use firearms responsibly and in accordance with the law.