How to Start a Career in Environmental Law in India?

Understand the Field of Environmental Law

Environmental law is a complex and evolving field that encompasses various regulations, statutes, international treaties, and conventions aimed at protecting the environment. It involves legal practices that address issues related to air and water quality, waste management, species protection, forest conservation, and climate change. As an environmental lawyer, you may work with non-governmental organizations (NGOs), government agencies, or private firms to advocate for environmental protection and sustainable practices.

Educational Qualifications

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Law (LLB): The first step is to obtain a Bachelor’s degree in Law from a recognized university. In India, this typically involves a five-year integrated BA LLB program after the 12th standard or a three-year LLB program after graduation in any discipline.
  • Specialization in Environmental Law: While pursuing your law degree, you can choose to specialize in environmental law. Some universities offer specific courses or electives in environmental law. This specialization will provide you with a deeper understanding of environmental policies, laws, and regulations

Internships and Practical Experience

Gaining practical experience is crucial in the field of law. Intern with law firms, NGOs, or government bodies that focus on environmental issues. This hands-on experience will not only enhance your resume but also give you insights into the practical aspects of environmental law.

Higher Education and Certifications

After completing your LLB, you may consider pursuing higher education, such as a Master of Laws (LLM) with a focus on environmental law. Additionally, there are various certifications and short-term courses available that can provide you with specialized knowledge and skills in this field.

Bar Council Examination

To practice law in India, you must pass the All India Bar Examination (AIBE) conducted by the Bar Council of India. This will grant you the license to practice as an advocate in Indian courts.

Networking and Professional Associations

Join professional associations related to environmental law, such as the National Green Tribunal Bar Association (NGTBA). Attend seminars, workshops, and conferences to network with professionals in the field. This can lead to job opportunities and collaborations.

Career Opportunities

Environmental lawyers can find opportunities in various sectors, including:

  • Legal Firms: Many law firms have dedicated environmental law departments.
  • NGOs and Environmental Organizations: Work with organizations that focus on environmental advocacy and policy-making.
  • Government Agencies: Positions in government bodies like the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change or the Central Pollution Control Board.
  • Corporate Sector: Companies often require environmental lawyers to ensure compliance with environmental regulations and to advise on sustainable business practices.

Skills Required

To succeed in environmental law, you should have:

  • A strong understanding of environmental laws and regulations.
  • Excellent research and analytical skills.
  • The ability to present complex information clearly and persuasively.
  • A passion for environmental conservation and sustainable development.


Starting a career in environmental law in India is not just about acquiring the right qualifications but also about having a passion for the environment and a commitment to making a difference. With the right education, practical experience, and networking, you can become a successful environmental lawyer contributing to the protection of India’s natural heritage and promoting sustainable development.