The procedure of law making in 9 steps. The function of a parliament is to make new laws, amend existing laws and repeal old and outdated laws. A Bill is a proposal for a new law, or a proposal to change an existing law that is presented for debate before Parliament. There is a whole lot of procedure for a bill to become a law in India:-
- Introduction: The Bill can be introduced in either of the House i.e Lok sabha or Rajya sabha. A bill can be introduced in either of the house, Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. It can be brought by any member of parliament, whether a minister in government or in the opposition.
(Bill introduced by MP in government is known as government or public bill, whereas bill introduced by MP in opposition is known as a private bill.)
(Public bill needs advance notice of at least 10 days whereas a private bill needs advance notice of at least 30 days before introducing it in the parliament.)
- After the introduction, A notification is published in the Gazette( official journal of the parliament) of India.
- The First Reading is done i.e name and objective of the bill is read loudly in the House.
- The Bill is then sent to the Select Committee of the Indian Parliament for further Scrutiny.
(The Select committee is an ad hoc committee formed by the Rajya Sabha, which also chooses its members. That committee is responsible to dive deep into the bill and recommend amends to the house if required any.)
- Then Second Reading takes place. It consists of 2 stages:-
- General description of the Bill as a whole.
- Reading of Bill clause by clause.
- The third reading is nothing but the voting on the concerned Bill. After the second reading, the third reading takes in which voting takes place on the concerned bill.
- If the bill is approved by the majority of the MPs, it is said to have been passed in that particular house. Then it is sent to the other house where the same procedure is repeated.
- If passed from the other House, the bill is said to have been passed by the parliament. Now for it to become a law, president’s assent is a must.
- If the President gives his assent, the Bill gets converted into a law. The bill is sent to the president for his assent. The moment he signs it, it becomes a law.
These are the 9 steps required to make a in our country.